Colombia Expands Three Amazonian Indigenous Reserves by 113,103 Acres

The Andes Amazon Fund celebrates the expansions of Puerto Córdoba, Comeyafú, and Camaritagua indigenous reserves in the Amazonas department of southern Colombia. Known as resguardos, these areas are inhabited by thirteen indigenous groups, including the Bora, Barasano, Carijona, Cubeo, Letuama, Miraña, Matapi, Macuna, Tatuyo, Tariano, Tanimuca, Uitoto and Yucuna. The expansion of the three reserves will not only strengthen conservation efforts in the Colombian Amazon but will also ensure the survival of these threatened peoples and their cultures.  

Expanded by a total of 113,103 acres (45,771 hectares), Puerto Córdoba, Comeyafú, and Camaritagua will contribute to an existing network of protected areas, strengthening the connectivity between Yaigojé Apaporis, Río Puré, Cahunarí, and Chiribiquete National Parks. This is an area of high conservation priority, as it includes the basins of the Puré, Mirití Paraná, and Apaporis rivers and contains at least one known uncontacted indigenous group— the Yuri.

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“With the expansion of these important resguardos, Andes Amazon Fund has supported 5 million acres of new habitat protection in the area around Chiribiquete National Park. This huge block of protected habitat offers the best hope for maintaining healthy ecosystems while providing the natural resources that indigenous people depend on,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth.

The Colombian Amazon faces one of the highest rates of deforestation in the country. Between January 2017 and February 2018, an area 27 times larger than the size of Manhattan was lost due to small-scale agriculture, landgrabbing, illegal mining, coca cultivation, and other illicit activities. Indigenous land stewardship and the recognition of ethnic-community land rights have proven to be some of the best ways to stop this destruction.

“Securing the legal land rights of indigenous peoples will prevent potential illegal activities and further environmental degradation. These steps are needed now more than ever,” said Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz.  

Close to the border of Brazil, the expanded resguardos will now protect a combined total of 285,778 acres (115,650 hectares) of tropical humid forests, flooded forests, and vegetation associated with rocky outcrops, lakes, and rivers in the region. These areas harbor a wealth of biodiversity, such as an estimated 1,500 species of plants, 300 species of birds, 100 species of amphibians, and 300 species of fish.

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This effort was led by the thirteen indigenous communities with the support of the Colombian government and our grantee, Gaia Amazonas. We congratulate the indigenous communities residing in Puerto Córdoba, Comeyafú, and Camaritagua, President Iván Duque, Agencia Nacional de Tierras, Gaia Amazonas, and other partners for this landmark achievement that will help ensure the protection of the Colombian Amazon and those who call it home.     

Download the full press release here.


New Monte Puyo Conservation Area Contributes to Protected Area Mosaic in Northern Peru

 Photo: ABC

Photo: ABC

The Andes Amazon Fund (AAF) is pleased to announce the creation of the Monte Puyo (Bosque de Nubes) Private Conservation Area, which secures 39,915 acres of cloud forest and wetlands in the region of Amazonas. In response to rising deforestation rates in northern Peru, the Yambrasbamba community led this conservation initiative in partnership with AAF grantees American Bird Conservancy (ABC) and Asociación Ecosistemas Andinos (ECOAN), with support from the national government. Declared on October 5, 2018, Monte Puyo is regarded as a high-conservation priority due to its extraordinary biodiversity and proximity to a number of existing protected areas.

 “More than 500 bird species live inside the new Monte Puyo Private Conservation Area, including the endangered ochre-fronted antpitta and speckle-chested piculet. The endangered long-whiskered owlet likely occurs here too but remains to be confirmed. This forest is also home to iconic mammals like the Andean bear and the critically endangered yellow-tailed woolly monkey,” said Constantino Aucca, President of ECOAN.  

  Long-whiskered owlet (Xenoglaux loweryi). Photo: ECOAN

Long-whiskered owlet (Xenoglaux loweryi). Photo: ECOAN

 In an effort to protect their territory from outside threats, the Yambrasbamba community will manage the new Private Conservation Area. This categorization within Peru’s National Protected Area System is unique in that it allows communities to set aside part of their communal property for conservation, while allowing for sustainable development opportunities.

 “This new protected area helps our community protect our watersheds and biodiversity, helps us to attract tourists to come see unique geological formations within our underground caves, and helps us defend our territory against invasion by colonists from outside,” said Walter Colongos Collaton, President of the Yambrasbamba community.

 In addition to the social, environmental, and economic benefits that the area will provide to local people, it will also serve as a conservation tool on an even greater scale. By shortening the gap between nine protected areas, including the Alto Mayo Protected Forest, Rio Nieva Reserved Zone, and Cordillera de Colán National Sanctuary, Monte Puyo adds to a conservation mosaic of over 800,000 acres. This will help ensure the survival of the area’s unique flora and fauna and will help mitigate climate change by preventing additional deforestation. 

Monte Puyo Private Conservation Area (#4) better connects an existing network of protected areas by extending an adjacent 183,750-acre cluster of three national reserves, including the Cordillera de Colan National Sanctuary (#1), and nearly connecting these with an additional 576,798-acre cluster of five protected areas to the east that includes the Alto Mayo Protected Forest (#8), Rio Nieva Reserved Zone (#6), and Abra Patricia Reserve (#7). Note: Monte Puyo’s boundaries shown on this map are about 6 percent larger than the final approved boundaries. Click to enlarge map.

“When ABC teams up with a local partner like ECOAN to protect critical bird habitat, they also protect thousands of other species, many of which are unknown to science. In addition, Monte Puyo is an important watershed that provides clean water for communities living around the protected area and for the Amazon basin as a whole,” said Dr. Adrian Forsyth, Executive Director of AAF.

ABC and ECOAN will continue working with communities in northern Peru to further strengthen the conservation mosaic. AAF congratulates the Yambrasbamba community, Minister of the Environment Fabiola Muñoz, the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), ABC, ECOAN, and other partners for the creation of Monte Puyo. The Wyss Foundation provided critical financial support that made this achievement possible.

Download the full press release here.

  Yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Oreonax flavicauda). Photo: ECOAN

Yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Oreonax flavicauda). Photo: ECOAN


Cujillo Private Conservation Area: Protecting One of Peru’s Most Unique Ecosystems

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The Andes Amazon Fund is pleased to announce the creation of Cujillo Private Conservation Area, established on August 24, 2018. Located in the region of Cajamarca, this area will protect 9,242 acres of dry forest next to the Marañón River.

The creation of Cujillo Private Conservation Area was the result of the hard work of local communities, the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), Andes Amazon Fund grantee Naturaleza y Cultura Internacional (NCI), and others.  

Cujillo will help conserve one of Peru’s most unique ecosystems, which has been compared to the Galapagos Islands for its level of endemism. Its dry forests contain flora and fauna of high conservation priority, such as the grey-winged Inca finch (Incaspiza ortizi), the spot-throated hummingbird (Leucippus taczanowskii), and Polychrus peruvianus— a type of lizard that can only be found in three regions in Peru.

Nearby communities depend on its non-timber resources for their livelihoods. Many of the plants found in the area have great medicinal value and can also be useful during times of drought, such as Melocactus bellavistensis, a species of cactus.

 In addition to its ecological and social value, Cujillo also has a large potential for tourism. Visitors can enjoy a variety of adventure sports and ecotourism activities in the area, such as river rafting, hiking, and bird watching. An increase in tourism will help boost local economies and provide new employment opportunities for communities. A recent study conducted by Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF) found that protected area tourism in Peru generated $720 million in 2017.

 The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates President Martín Vizcarra, Minister of the Environment Fabiola Muñoz, SERNANP, NCI, and the people of Peru for this environmental achievement.

Download the full press release. 

 

Photos: NCI

Partnership Pledges $1 Million for the Expansion of Chiribiquete National Park in Colombia

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The Andes Amazon Fund and the Bobolink Foundation congratulate the Colombian government for expanding Chiribiquete National Park. To support this endeavor, the organizations will contribute $1 million for the implementation of the new area, declared by the Colombian government on July 2, 2018. 

The contribution is part of an ongoing partnership between the Andes Amazon Fund and the Bobolink Foundation to support the effective management of protected areas in the Andes-Amazon region of South America. This collaborative effort was first announced in March, following the creation of Yaguas National Park in Peru. 

The donation will contribute to Herencia Colombia (Heritage Colombia)— a government-led financing initiative that aims to strengthen the management of the country’s protected areas— and will be administered by the Colombian National Park Service.  

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This 3.7-million-acre expansion makes Chiribiquete one of the largest national parks in South America, protecting a total of 10.5 million acres of Amazonian habitat. By way of comparison, the acclaimed Yellowstone National Park in the United States is 2.2 million acres.  

The incredibly scenic and dramatic landscape of Chiribiquete is home to a richness of tropical plants and wildlife. 

“Colombia holds many of the highest biodiversity records of any country on Earth. With the expansion of Chiribiquete, Colombia has shown that it has a conservation commitment that matches its biodiversity value,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

Chiribiquete is also an important cultural site for indigenous peoples, as one of the largest
assemblages of cave paintings
in South America can be found within the Park. This indicates the presence of humans as early as 450 A.D. and many believe that uncontacted peoples still reside in the area. 

“The expansion of Chiribiquete creates a mega-park of global significance that should make all Colombians proud and should be appreciated by conservationists around the world,” said Chairman of the Bobolink Foundation, Wendy Paulson.

Download the full press release. 

Colombia Expands Chiribiquete to Become One of the Largest National Parks in South America

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The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates the Government of Colombia for expanding Chiribiquete National Park by 3.7 million acres. Now one of the largest national parks in South America, it protects 10.5 million acres of Amazonian rainforest in southern Colombia. 

“In a continent renowned for its spectacular landscapes, Chiribiquete stands out as one of the most dramatic places in the world,” said Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz. 

Largely unexplored, Chiribiquete’s landscape appears almost otherworldly with massive tepuys—table-top mountains—and domes protruding from dense rainforest. These rock formations are estimated to be 2 billion years old. Aside from their geological significance, the tepuys are thought to have been sacred religious sites for indigenous peoples. 

One of the largest assemblages of cave paintings in South America can be found within the park, indicating the presence of humans as early as 450 A.D. More than 20,000 paintings have been discovered, depicting animals, plants, and scenes of ancient daily life. As of today, the park is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to the cultural value of its art. 

The park is also a haven for biodiversity, hosting a record number of tropical plant and animal species. One of the highest rates of plant diversity in the northern Amazon can be found within the park’s lowland rainforest, while its tepuys contain plant species endemic to the savannas of the Guianas. 

“Colombia holds many of the highest biodiversity records of any country on Earth. With the expansion of Chiribiquete, Colombia has shown that it has a conservation commitment that matches its biodiversity value,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

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The rivers found within the park serve as an important spawning ground for fish that later return to the Caquetá River. Many communities that live nearby depend on these fish stocks for their main source of protein. As a result, the protection of the park’s rivers will help ensure the food security of local people. 

“Thanks to the visionary leadership of local and national leaders, Colombia is now the proud home of one of the largest national parks in South America,” said Hansjörg Wyss, who established the Wyss Foundation in 1998 and is a supporter of Andes Amazon Fund. “Colombia’s decision to conserve this wild landscape as a public resource – protected for all time – is a shining example to the world in the race to save our planet’s remaining natural areas.”

The Wyss Foundation has contributed and committed more than $1 million through Andes Amazon Fund to local efforts to expand the park and support its initial management.

During his presidency, President Santos has added a total of 7.3 million acres to the park, expanding it for the first time in 2013. Under his leadership, Colombia has risen as a conservation leader in the Western Hemisphere.  

“This expansion is particularly critical now, as deforestation pressure is mounting in the areas to the north and west of Chiribiquete. Providing this extra level of protection to the intact wilderness around the core of the park will prevent its destruction as the forest is rapidly cleared by land grabbers,” said Andes Amazon Fund Project Director Megan MacDowell.

The Andes Amazon Fund applauds President Santos, Minister of Environment Luis Gilberto Murillo, Director of National Parks Julia Miranda, Fundación para la Conservación y el Desarrollo Sostenible (FCDS), and others for their work towards this outstanding achievement. 

The Andes Amazon Fund is pleased to recognize the support and collaboration of the Wyss Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and the Bobolink Foundation in the effort to expand and consolidate conservation in the Chiribiquete region.

Download the full press release.


Vista Alegre Omia Regional Conservation Area: An Environmental Achievement for Amazonas

The Andes Amazon Fund is pleased to announce the creation of Vista Alegre Omia Regional Conservation Area in Peru. Established on June 16, 2018, Vista Alegre Omia and Bosques Tropicales Estacionalmente Secos del Marañón are the first Regional Conservation Areas in the region of Amazonas

The creation of Vista Alegre Omia was the result of the hard work of local communities, the Amazonas Regional Government, the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), and the Asociación Peruana para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (APECO) with the financial support of Andes Amazon Fund.   

“Pristine forest in the mountains of the tropical Andes is increasingly rare. This habitat is one of the most important in the world for conserving rich flora and fauna and for protecting a vital watershed of the Amazon headwaters,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

Protecting 120,944 acres (48,945 hectares) of low montane forest, this area will help safeguard one of Peru’s most fragile ecosystems. With over 800 species of flora and fauna, it contains exceptional biodiversity such as spectacled bears, yellow-tailed woolly monkeys, and the long-whiskered owlet— a tiny owl that can only be found in northern Peru. Many of these species are listed as critically endangered or threatened by the IUCN, which makes their protection highly important. 

By creating Vista Alegre Omia, the Regional Government has also safeguarded a critical source of water for local communities— the Salas, Tonchimillo, and Huamanpata river basins. The forests of Vista Alegre Omia work much like a sponge by gathering rainwater that then flows into these rivers. This ecosystem service helps maintain river water levels, preventing droughts that could severely affect the livelihoods of local people. 

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The area is expected to become a thriving tourist destination due to its breathtaking scenery and historical significance. Within the Regional Conservation Area, visitors can see part of the Inca Trail that once connected the legendary empire to a network of roads spanning 24,000 miles across South America. 

“By conserving Vista Alegre Omia, the Amazonas region is making a definitive step to ensure a sustainable future. Tourism and other economic activities deriving from the protection of this magnificent forest will benefit the peoples of Amazonas and safeguard its unique biodiversity, which the world admires,” said Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz. 

The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates President Martín Vizcarra, Minister of the Environment Fabiola Muñoz, the Regional Government of Amazonas, SERNANP, APECO, and the people of Peru for this environmental achievement.

Download the press release here. 


Amazonas Protects Biodiversity Hotspot by Creating Bosques Secos del Marañón Regional Conservation Area

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The Andes Amazon Fund celebrates the creation of Bosques Tropicales Estacionalmente Secos del Marañón Regional Conservation Area in Peru. Bosques Secos del Marañón along with Vista Alegre Omia are the first Regional Conservation Areas in the region of Amazonas, an important area where the eastern Andes meet the Amazon lowlands.  

The creation of Bosques Secos del Marañón was made possible by local communities, the Amazonas Regional Government, the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), Andes Amazon Fund grantees Naturaleza y Cultura Internacional (NCI) and Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), and others. 

Spanning between the provinces of Chachapoyas and Luya, the area protects 34,420 acres (13,929 hectares) of dry forest along the Marañón River. The spectacular and rugged canyon that the Marañón carves through the Andes has a unique microclimate. As a result, a third of the vegetation within these dry forests cannot be found anywhere else in the world.  The level of endemism that exists in Bosques Secos del Marañón has been compared to the Galapagos Islands. Named an “Area of Endemism” or “Endemic Bird Area” by international ornithologists, Bosques Secos del Marañón is home to 21 endemic species of native birds, including spectacular hummingbirds such as the endangered purple-backed sunbeam (Aglaeactis aliciae) and grey-bellied comet (Taphrolesbia griseiventris). 

“Peru is doing a great job of creating protected areas that will help conserve its unique biodiversity. The Bosques Secos del Marañón Regional Conservation Area harbors species found nowhere else. Its formal protection is a necessary and important step in building one of the greatest protected area systems in the world,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

Bosques Secos del Marañón Regional Conservation Area also has a large potential for tourism. Approximately 68% of tourists in Peru list “nature” and “adventure” as their top reasons for visiting the country. The new Regional Conservation Area falls perfectly within these two categories, as tourists can raft, birdwatch, camp, and enjoy number of outdoor activities. Local communities will benefit directly from the increase of visitors, as tourism will help create jobs and provide families with additional economic opportunities. A recent study conducted by Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF) found that protected area tourism in Peru generated $720 million in 2017 alone. 

“This is a major step forward. Bosques Secos del Marañón Regional Conservation Area safeguards an important ecoregion that has not been protected in the past, filling in a missing gap in the representation of Peru’s biodiversity. This new protected area also complements and enriches the North Tourism Circuit, a fantastic route for those who are interested in nature and history,” said Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz.   

The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates President Martín Vizcarra, Minister of the Environment Fabiola Muñoz, the Regional Government of Amazonas, SERNANP, NCI, and the people of Peru for this environmental achievement. 
 

Download the press release here. 


New Partnership Will Contribute $1 Million to the Implementation of Yaguas National Park in Peru

The Andes Amazon Fund is pleased to announce a new partnership with the Bobolink Foundation that will support the effective management of protected areas in the Andes-Amazon region of South America.

The first effort in this collaboration will be to support the implementation of the newly created Yaguas National Park in Loreto, Peru with a donation to Peru’s National Protected Area Service, SERNANP, totaling $1 million.

This support will contribute to Peru’s Natural Legacy (Patrimonio del Perú)— a new financing initiative that aims to strengthen the management of the country’s protected area system— and will be administered by the Peruvian National Protected Areas Trust, PROFONANPE. 

The donation will support social development projects that will benefit the indigenous communities around Yaguas as well as the direct protection and management of the Park by SERNANP and community patrols.

“The creation of Yaguas National Park will ensure that surrounding indigenous communities have healthy and biodiverse forest, river, and wetland ecosystems. This is good for local people, for Peru, and for the planet,” said Chairman of the Bobolink Foundation, Wendy Paulson.

Spanning over 2 million acres, Yaguas protects a pristine watershed with rich rainforest fauna as well as intact rivers and wetlands. Fish diversity appears to be among the highest recorded for any comparable watershed in the world with over 550 species. These fish stocks are vital for the food security of local communities, as 77% of the rural population in Loreto consumes fish daily.

“National parks can safeguard the ecosystems that generate fish, wildlife and other resources for surrounding communities. We hope our financial support will be used to create management programs that directly benefit indigenous communities. Everyone loses when ecosystems are destroyed. Everyone wins when they remain productive,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth.

Download the full press release here. 

Photo credits: Alvaro del Campo— Field Museum. 

 

Protected Area Tourism in Peru Generated US$ 720 million in 2017

  A tourist at the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve. Photo credit: Annie Escobedo

A tourist at the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve. Photo credit: Annie Escobedo

March 5, 2018— Andes Amazon Fund grantee, Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF), presented a new study on the economic impact of tourism within Peru's protected area system on Monday. 

The report's most important finding is that tourism generated, in a conservative analysis, $720 million (S/. 2340 million) in 2017. This represents an amount 40 times more than the State invests in the maintenance of protected areas. That is to say, as CSF’s Northern Andes-Amazon Director Gabriel Quijandría stated, "Tourism in protected areas is not an expense but an investment.”

The study also found that this type of tourism generated $165 million (S/. 536 million) in household income and wages at the local level, as well as more than 36,000 jobs in localities and surrounding cities.

  Tres Cañones Regional Conservation Area in Cusco. Photo credit: Walter Wust. 

Tres Cañones Regional Conservation Area in Cusco. Photo credit: Walter Wust. 

Peru's protected areas are attractive for tourists

One of the most important questions pursued by this CSF study is whether or not an area's status as a national protected area made it more attractive to tourists in Peru. The answer was overwhelmingly affirmative.

National protected area status increases the number of tourists in an area between 33% and 100%.

For example, the report added the proposed Regional Conservation Area of Ausangate to its field of study.  Last year, Ausangate saw only $8.9 million (S/. 29 million) in economic impact, which in the light of this study, could be significantly increased with protected area designation.

Recommendations for the State

Based on these findings, CSF proposes three actions for the State to take advantage of the economic impact that tourism can generate in Peru's protected areas: 1) finance the effective management of the protected areas, 2) strengthen the participation of local and national businesses outside of the protected areas, and 3) expand the National System of Protected Areas to take advantage of the economic opportunities it provides to the public and private sectors.

Finally, it is worth mentioning that this study took into account more than 1,000 surveys of tourists, local businesses and their workers in five Natural Protected Areas (the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve and the Tambopata National Reserves, Pacas and Pacaya Samiria, as well as the proposed Regional Conservation Area of Ausangate).

  Deputy Minister of Strategic Development of Natural Resources of the Ministry of Environment, and CSF course graduate Fernando León speaking at the event in Lima on March 5th. Photo credit: Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA)

Deputy Minister of Strategic Development of Natural Resources of the Ministry of Environment, and CSF course graduate Fernando León speaking at the event in Lima on March 5th. Photo credit: Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA)

Fernando León, Deputy Minister of Strategic Development of Natural Resources of the Ministry of Environment, who attended the presentation, said that "it is necessary for the national tourists to visit the protected areas more.” He proposed that Peru should "bring the protected areas to schools," as a method for people to start appreciating these areas as children.

In turn, the Vice Minister of Tourism, Rogers Valencia, stressed the importance of basic infrastructure for all tourist destinations. "You can not think of building tourist destinations in places where basic infrastructure is lacking, such as connectivity," he said. "Tourism must be an instrument that allows us to look to the future," he concluded during his presentation.

The Andes Amazon Fund proudly supported the development of this study. We thank and congratulate all of those who made this report and presentation a huge success: Conservation Strategy Fund, the Peruvian Ministry of Environment, the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, Sociedad Peruano de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), and other partners.  

"The study is innovative in its approach. Its results, although highly conservative, show that protected areas not only help safeguard Peru's natural heritage, but also benefit people and the economy at a very significant scale. Creating protected areas of all types and implementing them properly is good business for everyone and complements Peru's growing tourism potential," concluded Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz. 

Article written by Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA) and adapted by Andes Amazon Fund. 

More information:

CSF's full report in Spanish 

CSF's policy brief in Spanish 

Andina (English): "Peru: Tourism in Natural Protected Areas generated US$720 million in 2017" 

Andina (Spanish):  "Turismo en Áreas Naturales Protegidas generó S/ 2,340 millones en 2017

El Comercio: "Turismo en áreas protegidas generó S/2.340 millones en 2017" 

Mongabay Latam: "Todos ganan, el Perú Gana"

Mongabay Latam: "Perú: más de 2300 millones de soles generó el turismo en áreas naturales protegidas en el 2017"

 

Ecuador Forms Strategic Link Between Protected Areas by Creating Río Negro–Sopladora National Park

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The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates the government of Ecuador for the creation of Río Negro–Sopladora National Park. This area protects 75,654 acres (306 square kilometers) of diverse and fragile ecosystems, including montane forests, páramos, mountain streams, and rivers. The new park forms a strategic link between Sangay and Podocarpus National Parks, connecting a chain of mountainous protected areas spread along Ecuador’s southeastern Andes to the upper Amazon rainforest.

Río Negro–Sopladora National Park has a large altitudinal range of 2,624 to 12,795 feet (800 and 3,900 meters), allowing for a variety of precipitation levels, types of soil, and temperatures. A report produced by Andes Amazon Fund grantee, Naturaleza y Cultura Internacional (NCI) noted that, “the topography and weather conditions have preserved its natural ecosystems in a remarkably pristine state, still almost entirely intact and free from human intervention." This has allowed flora and fauna to flourish in the area.

Many discoveries have been made in what is now Río Negro–Sopladora National Park. Working with Ecuadorian scientists, NCI carried out a Rapid Biological Assessment that registered high levels of endemism and numerous species new to science. The area is a stronghold for threatened wildlife such as spectacled bear and mountain tapir.

Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth explains, “The significance of this area is magnified by rapid climate change. Río Negro–Sopladora National Park is a climate change escape valve. Its mountainous slopes and its connection with national parks to the north and south allow plants and animals to relocate as the climate changes. Without this combination of protected habitat, connectivity and the possibility of elevational movement, climate change will drive species to extinction.” 

Support for the technical studies of the park area would not have been possible without the generous financial contribution of the Wyss Foundation and others.“Governments alone cannot bear the burden of saving our planet from the ravages of climate change. Hansjörg Wyss is just one of a handful of successful business leaders who has the wisdom to use philanthropy to help protect vast landscapes rich in biodiversity, that store huge amounts of forest carbon, generate clean water, and are buffered by complex mountainous topography. It’s hard to imagine anything more important for the long-term future of our planet and the human species,” says Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates Minister of Environment Tarsicio Granizo and the people of Ecuador for this environmental achievement and their continuing contribution to the protection of biodiversity. 

Download the press release, here.

Photo credits:  Fabián Rodas, Paul Tito, Trotsky Riera, and Wilson Romero.

Peru Protects More than Two Million Acres of Pristine Rainforest by Creating Yaguas National Park

The Andes Amazon Fund celebrates the creation of Yaguas National Park, established today by the Peruvian government. Located in the northern region of Loreto, Peru’s newest national park will safeguard 2,147,166 acres of rainforest and a vast river system with one of the richest fish faunas in the world

The park’s creation is a key step in conserving the country’s biodiversity and protecting the ancestral lands of indigenous peoples. The Andes Amazon Fund will donate $1 million  towards the goal of implementing the park and to providing social development opportunities for indigenous communities near Yaguas National Park.

Over the past 20 years, this area has faced increasing pressures from illegal logging and mining interests. During the categorization process, many indigenous communities expressed their concern over these threats and pledged their support for the national park. “The mountain of our ancestors has to be a national park because it is a sacred place,” explained Eriberto Jiménez Hilorio, President of the Indigenous Federation of the Border Communities of Putumayo. 

Indigenous groups including the Yaguas, Bora, Murui-Muinani-Huitoto, Ocaina, Kiwcha, and Tikuna reside near Yaguas. “The benefits are for everyone, for the future of everyone, for the country, and for the world,” remarked Liz Chicaje Churay, President of the Federation of the Native Communities of Ampiyacu.

The communities in support of the park recognize the area’s value as a breeding ground for many important species. Pioneering scientific work by the Field Museum of Chicago and Peruvian scientific counterparts revealed that the diverse Yaguas watershed includes a large number of unique aquatic environments that contain more types of freshwater fish than anywhere else in the country– approximately 550 species. 

Communities that live downstream depend on these fish stocks as a source of protein, as 77% of the rural population in Loreto consumes fish daily. Yaguas National Park also protects important threatened wildlife such as giant otters, woolly monkeys, Amazon River dolphins, and manatees.  

“A national park of this size and significance can only be created with a long-term, multi-faceted collaboration between civil society organizations, local peoples, and government agencies, each fulfilling a key role,” said Andes Amazon Fund Executive Director Dr. Adrian Forsyth. 

The Andes Amazon Fund supported the work of three organizations in the alliance known as Vamos Yaguas Parque Nacional that were instrumental in establishing Yaguas National Park: Instituto del Bien Común (IBC), Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), and the Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF). These organizations worked alongside the Peruvian Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Culture, the Peruvian Protected Area Service (SERNANP), and the many communities in favor of the park and in coordination with the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Field Museum, Frankfurt Zoological Society, and others. 

“As a Peruvian conservationist, I am proud that with the creation of Yaguas National Park, Peru continues on the path of creating one of the most amazing park systems in the world. This park is as large as Yellowstone National Park and probably 10 times as diverse,” said Andes Amazon Fund Program Director Enrique Ortiz. 

The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates President Kuczynski, Minister of Environment Elsa Galarza, the Ministry of Culture, SERNANP, and the people of Peru for this landmark achievement.

Download the press release, here.

Photos: Frankfurt Zoological Society, IBC, Field Museum, Flor Ruiz, and Margarita Medina Muller. 

Bolivia Creates Two New Protected Areas

 Camera trap photos from the new protected areas.  

Camera trap photos from the new protected areas.  

Andes Amazon Fund is pleased to announce the creation of two new protected areas in Bolivia:  Abuná Biological Station (Estación Biológica Abuná) and Tahuamanu Biological Station (Estación Biológica Tahuamanu). Both have been designated as Regional Conservation Areas, referred to as Áreas de Patrimonio Natural in Bolivia

Abuná and Tahuamanu Biological Stations amount to approximately 16,000 acres (6,500 hectares) total and are located in Pando. This region lies in the northern part of the country, neighboring both Peru and Brazil. Pando is known for its dense tropical rainforest and warm climate, which makes it a biodiversity hotspot. 

 Goeldi's marmoset

Goeldi's marmoset

Tahuamanu houses 15 out of the 23 species of primates recorded in Bolivia. One of these is the callimico goeldii, or Goeldi's marmoset. This species can be found in the upper Amazon basin in Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. However, Goeldi's marmoset populations remain relatively low due to their specific habitat preference of mixed bamboo forests. Classified as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), their populations are expected to decline by 30% in the next 18 years due to habitat loss. As a result, Goeldi's marmosets rely on the creation of protected areas, like Tahuamanu, for their species' survival . 

Figure 1: Snapshot of Biodiversity at Tahuamanu Biological Station   

Likewise, Abuná Biological Station hosts a variety of flora and fauna. The number of known species in this area continues to grow. Scientists recently discovered four new species of orchids and two species of fish, which had never been recorded in Bolivia. Additionally, two species of birds were documented that were new to the region of Pando. However, this area's ecological importance extends beyond scientific research. Abuná Biological Station is also the home of over 70 threatened and endangered species, including the Bolivian river dolphin (Inia boliviensis). Like the Goeldi's marmoset, these species depend on their habitats remaining intact.    

Therefore, the creation of Tahuamanu and Abuná is a victory for Bolivia's biodiversity as well as the government entities and local communities involved in the process. AAF supported the work of  la Asociación Boliviana para la Investigación y Conservación de Ecosistemas Andino Amazónicos, who helped make this possible.  

Joint Partnership Among Funders to Expand and Strengthen Protected Areas and Indigenous Lands in the Amazon Headwaters

 Photo: Enrique Ortiz

Photo: Enrique Ortiz

Wyss Foundation, Moore Foundation and Andes Amazon Fund invest in conservation in Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador.

In a joint statement today, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Wyss Foundation and Andes Amazon Fund announced a total of $15 million in funding for conservation in the Andean Amazon region of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador.

The Amazon headwaters region is home to the world’s greatest concentration of biodiversity and abundant endemic species, especially along the eastern flank of the tropical Andes. The montane cloud forests and other ecosystems in the region boast one-third of the planet’s species of flora and fauna, with new species still discovered regularly, adding to the more than 2.5 million species of insects, tens of thousands of plant species, nearly 3,000 fish species, and well over 2,000 species of birds and mammals already identified. And the headwaters rivers generate nearly a quarter of the world’s freshwater while the forests help regulate the Earth’s climate.

Today, approximately 19 million people live in the Amazon headwaters region, including 1.4 million indigenous people living throughout the Amazon basin in traditional territories, which are often effective conservation bastions with important wildlife populations and low deforestation rates. Formally designated protected areas and indigenous lands, which cover more than half of all Amazon forests, have proven effective in stemming the many threats to forests and freshwater systems. The benefits to people can also be profound: this region provides direct ecosystem services for rural and urban communities, and several indigenous tribes in this region live in voluntary isolation with no contact with modern society, and many others are seeking formal designation of their lands.

However, these areas require sufficient management and good governance mechanisms to ensure their long-term viability. In recent years, especially those areas outside protected areas and indigenous lands have seen a steady increase in forest loss as roadways and hydroways expand, and resources are extracted, often illegally. In addition, potential resettlement plans within Colombia’s peace accord and interest in establishing market-access waterways for Loreto, Peru, will accelerate land-use change.

Within this context, there is an imperative to increase donor coordination and leverage more resources, to heighten the conservation impact and increase the efficiency of grantmaking in the region. “The collaboration between foundations can be a powerful tool for increasing efficiency for grantees and providing the resources needed to have outcomes at a greater scale with more durability. The fate of the Amazon is such a huge issue for planetary health that the pooling of resources and sharing of agendas is just what is needed,” said Adrian Forsyth, Ph.D., Executive Director of Andes Amazon Fund. 

With this announcement today, Andes Amazon Fund is matching $5 million in Moore Foundation funds with an additional $10 million from the Wyss Foundation.“The Wyss Foundation is proud to add its support to help protect this vital region of the world.  This effort furthers our goal of seeking to protect these lands that are often referred to as the ‘lungs of the planet’, for both the local indigenous people and the whole world,” explained Molly McUsic, President of the Wyss Foundation.

 Photo: Enrique Ortiz

Photo: Enrique Ortiz

The coordinated funding will support organizations working toward three primary outcomes:

  • Consolidating the conservation status of approximately 20 million hectares—at least 15 protected areas and 15 indigenous lands in the Amazon regions of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador.
  • Promoting the sustainable finance of Peru’s national parks system through Peru’s Natural Legacy Initiative, led by the Peruvian Protected Areas Service (SERNANP), leveraging in-country financing and ensuring long-term funding for management of key protected areas.
  • Formally designating an additional 800,000 hectares in Peru to secure connectivity and formalize protection, while supporting local civil society organizations in their work to cultivate new supportive constituencies for conservation at local and national levels.

“As the world faces deep social and environmental changes, we have a window of opportunity to secure the headwaters of the Amazon basin – with critical implications for the well-being of local peoples, wildlife and the Earth,” said Avecita Chicchón, Ph.D., Andes Amazon Initiative director at the Moore Foundation. “We are delighted to embark on this partnership with Andes Amazon Fund and the Wyss Foundation.”


The Andes Amazon Fund (AAF) is a multi-donor grant-making initiative that supports the conservation of the Andes-Amazon of Peru and surrounding countries through the designation and effective management of protected areas and indigenous reserves. Visit www.andesamazonfund.org or follow @andesamazonfund.

The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation fosters path-breaking scientific discovery, environmental conservation, patient care improvements and preservation of the special character of the Bay Area. Visit www.moore.org or follow @MooreFound.

The Wyss Foundation is a private, charitable foundation dedicated to supporting innovative, lasting solutions that improve lives, empower communities, and strengthen connections to the land. Visit www.wyssfoundation.org or follow @WyssFoundation

Photos by Enrique Ortiz

Tres Cañones Regional Conservation Area: A New Tourism Opportunity for Cusco

 Photo: Walter Wust

Photo: Walter Wust

The region of Cusco is largely known for being the home of the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu. As a result, tourism has become an important part of the regional economy, with over 3 million visitors this past year. On August 27, 2017, the Regional Government of Cusco approved yet another opportunity for this type of development and growth. Located in the province of Espinar, Tres Cañones is Cusco’s newest regional conservation area, spanning 97,570 acres (39,485 hectares). 

Only 5 hours from the city of Cusco, this area is easily accessible for those traveling within Peru.  It’s stunning geological formations and sparkling waters make it an ideal tourist destination for adventure seekers, photographers, and families alike. Among other outdoor activities, visitors can choose to kayak, rock climb, or hike in the area. Tres Cañones also contains the archeological remains of Mauka Llaquta, the capital of the K’ana nation during the Incan empire. Aside from these artifacts, tourists can potentially see Andean deer (Hippocamelus antisensis), vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna), viscachas (Lagidium viscacia), thola flowers (Parastrephia lepidophylla), and other unique flora and fauna.   

Increasing annual tourism to 7 million visitors by 2021 ranks high on President Kuczynski’s agenda. Establishing new protected areas can help the administration achieve this goal; since 2009, the number of tourists visiting Peru’s protected areas has grown 17% annually, according to the Peruvian Natural Protected Area Service (SERNANP). It is predicted that over 2 million tourists will visit Peruvian protected areas in this year alone. Furthermore, there are many more opportunities for tourism growth in Cusco, as the regional government has proposed Ausangate and Urusayhua as new protected areas.    

Establishing Tres Cañones was a joint effort between Cusco’s Regional Government, the communities of Mamanihuayta, Manturca and Cerritambo, and the Peruvian Ministry of Environment—with strong support from President Kuczynski. On behalf of the Andes Amazon Fund, Program Director Enrique Ortiz congratulates Peru for this success:

“As the first protected area created under the Kuczynski administration, Tres Cañones is a landmark achievement for the Peruvian government. Its establishment demonstrates that the country is on the right path for both tourism growth and environmental conservation. Local communities will also benefit from its creation, providing them with ecosystem services and new job opportunities as ways to improve their livelihoods. Andes Amazon Fund commends the joint efforts between the Peruvian national government and the regional government of Cusco, which made this victory possible.” 

Photo: Walter Wust 

Andes Amazon Fund supported the work of the Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica (ACCA) to assist with the creation of Tres Cañones. Moving forward, we will continue to support the initiatives of the Regional Government of Cusco to establish additional protected areas, ensuring both environmental conservation and economic development. 

More Information: 

Interactive tour of Tres Cañones

Mongabay Latam, "Tres Cañones: El Paraíso Altoandino Que Ya Es Área de Conservación Regional" 

SPDA Actualidad Ambiental, “Cusco Ya Tiene Una Nueva Área de Conservación Regional: ‘Tres Cañones’ ”

El Comercio, "Cusco Crean Nueva Área de Conservación Regional en Espinar"

Agencia Andina, “Cusco: Declaran a la Zona de Tres Cañones como Aŕea de Conservación” 

Diario Correo, “Tres Cañones es declarada como Área de Conservación Regional en Cusco” 

Photos by Walter Wust and Ronald Catpo. 

El Chaco Municipal Reserve: Safeguarding the Napo Watershed in Ecuador

 Photo: Nature and Culture International 

Photo: Nature and Culture International 

With the help of Andes Amazon Fund grantee, Nature and Culture International (NCI), another critical conservation area has been formally protected in the Amazon headwaters of northern Ecuador. On July 25, 2017, El Chaco Municipal Reserve, totaling 167,867 acres (67,933 hectares), was declared to safeguard a strategic ecosystem between Cayambe Coca and Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Parks. El Chaco is now a part of a planned network of 7 municipal reserves, which will help protect the watershed of one of the most important rivers in Ecuador, the Río Napo.  

With an altitudinal range of 918 to 8,989 feet (280 to 2,740 meters) above sea level, El Chaco contains both cloud forest and Amazonian lowland forest. Endangered and vulnerable species such as spectacled bears as well as mountain tapirs can be found in this area. Other endemic species include giant anteaters, ocelots, blue-headed parrots, and over 50 different types of orchids. 

The planned network of reserves is also significant from a cultural perspective, as 5 indigenous groups reside in the area. This includes the Cófan, Kichwa, Secoya, Shaur, and Siona. Many of these groups face threats from unsustainable development, which jeopardize both their livelihoods and cultures. The level of legal protection offered by the municipal reserves will help secure the homelands of those living within the area, preventing deforestation and local water contamination.  

The 7 municipalities that will manage the group of reserves comprise the Mancomunidad de la Ruta de Agua, or the Water Route Association. The association will create a sustainable form of economic development for local communities by generating ecotourism within the area while maintaining its environmental integrity. As a part of their work with the association, NCI will also help lead environmental management training sessions to create a watershed protection program and to establish mechanisms for ecosystem service payments. 

 Photo: Nature and Culture International 

Photo: Nature and Culture International 

The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates the Municipality of El Chaco for establishing the new municipal reserve, given its important role in regional conservation efforts. We will continue supporting the work of NCI in Ecuador, hoping that even more important areas will be protected there in the near future. 

Colombia Protects 1.4 Million Acres by Expanding Indigenous Reserves

 Photo: Colombian Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

Photo: Colombian Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

On July 12, 2017, the Colombian government announced the expansion of Puerto Sábalo-Los Monos and Monochoa, two indigenous reserves, also known as resguardos indígenas. These areas lie in the buffer zone of Chiribiquete National Park in the province of Caquetá. The combined expansion of Puerto Sábalo-Los Monos and Monochoa indigenous reserves amounts to 1.4 million acres (570,000 hectares), which is roughly the size of the state of Delaware. As a result, 2.5 million acres (1 million hectares) of forest in the northwest Amazon basin are now protected within their boundaries. The Andes Amazon Fund congratulates the Colombian government for achieving this important victory for environmental conservation and cultural preservation in the region.

Puerto Sábalo-Los Monos and Monochoa will help form one of the largest bio-cultural conservation corridors in the Colombian Amazon, equaling the size of the state of Virginia. Specifically, the two indigenous reserves will connect Chiribiquete National Park with Colombia’s largest indigenous reserve, Predio Putumayo. Along with various isolated tribes, the Murui Muina (Witoto) - an indigenous group comprised of more than 40 clans - call this area home. 

Indigenous reserves provide local communities with the responsibility and right to manage their land, while maintaining its ecological function. Many studies show that this is one of the most effective ways to combat deforestation and the loss of biodiversity across the region. Colombia has witnessed these benefits firsthand, as “annual deforestation rates inside tenure-secure indigenous forestlands were two times lower than those on similar land without security,” according to Amazon Conservation Team (ACT). Out of all the provinces in Colombia, Caquetá has the highest rate of deforestation, losing 72,265 acres (29,245 hectares) in 2014 alone. Therefore, the expanded indigenous reserves will be valuable tools for fighting forest loss and promoting sustainable land use.

 Photo: ACT

Photo: ACT

The Andes Amazon Fund, along with other donors such as the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, supported ACT’s work to help expand the resguardos. ACT was able to do this through close partnerships with indigenous communities in the Caquetá river basin. The organization continues to work with these communities and has set the following goals: 1) protect isolated indigenous peoples, 2) strengthen local and environmental governance, and 3) create and expand indigenous reserves.

ACT also obtained a formal agreement with the National Rural Development Agency (INCODER) – renewed with the Colombian National Land Agency – to form and expand indigenous reserves, like Puerto Sábalo-Los Monos and Monochoa. The alliance has been further supported by the Colombian National Park System. The Andes Amazon Fund believes that these partnerships, especially with the local communities, will enable even more victories for environmental conservation in Colombia in the future.

More information: 

Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, "Indigenous reserve expansions create massive Amazonian conservation corridor in Colombia"

Amazon Conservation Team, "Better Protection for Chiribiquete, Northwest Amazon's Most Important Protected Area" 

El Espectador, "El corazón del Amazonas (casi) a salvo"

AAF Hosts Annual Workshop in Peru

AAF recently hosted its annual grantee workshop, gathering its partners from across Peru for the two day event this June. The seminar was held in Pachacamac to the southeast of Lima and included a series of presentations and activities aimed to do the following:

  • Strengthen knowledge of legal and technical procedures related to protected area creation
  • Learn from the experiences of other NGOs in the country
  • Discuss recent achievements and challenges within the field
  • Review mechanisms for financial sustainability of protected areas

Presentations were given by both AAF staff and individuals from Peruvian government institutions, including the National Protected Area Service (SERNANP), the Forestry and Wildlife Service (SERFOR), and the Ministry of Environment. In addition to other important topics, grantees learned more about the process of establishing Regional Conservation Areas and Private Conservation Areas, how to conduct a cost-benefit analysis for a protected area proposal, and the new process for forestry zoning.

DSC_0020.jpg

Grantees also presented information about the goals, work, and impact of their organizations. This provided them with the opportunity to learn more about each other’s projects and encouraged future collaboration between NGOs. 

Grantee organizations in attendance included Asociación Peruana para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (APECO), Asociación para La Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica (ACCA), Amazónicos por la Amazonía (AMPA), Centro para el Desarrollo del Indígena Amazónico (CEDIA), Centro de Conservación, Investigación, y Manejo de Áreas Naturales (CIMA), Conservation Strategy Fund (CSF), Asociación Ecosistemas Andinos (ECOAN), Instituto del Bien Común (IBC), Mongabay-Latam, Nature and Culture International (NCI), Propurús, and Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA).

 

New Municipal Conservation Area Created in Bolivia

The Municipal Conservation Area of Santa Rosa del Abuná is one of the most significant protected areas that Bolivia has created in the past decade. Established on April 3, 2017, the area is comprised of intact Amazonian forest in northern Bolivia and spans 424,601 acres (171,834 hectares). In Bolivia, protected areas created at the municipal level share the same legal strength as national areas, and are part of the national protected area system.

Santa Rosa’s dense tropical rainforest and rivers host a wealth of biodiversity. The following are examples of species that have been recorded in the area: 

  • Bald-faced Saki monkeys (classified as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) 

  • White-lipped peccaries (classified as a vulnerable species by the IUCN)

  • Jaguars (classified as a near-threatened species by the IUCN)

  • South American tapirs (classified as a vulnerable species by the IUCN)

  • Bolivian river dolphins (named a national treasure by the Bolivian government) 

The new Santa Rosa protected area is located in the Department of Pando and the Municipality of Abuná. This region is close to the borders of both Peru and Brazil. However, outside of a community of around 230 Brazilian immigrants, very few people live near the area.

Santa Rosa is an important milestone because it empowered a partnership between the municipal government, local communities, and la Asociación Boliviana para la Investigación y Conservación de Ecosistemas Andino Amazónicos (ACEAA) to create a large new protected area sought by the regional government of Pando. 

Santa Rosa serves as a buffer against high rates of deforestation in nearby areas, especially across the border in Brazil (see map above). This is also reflected in data collected in the Municipality of Abuná: 

  • 97% of Abuná’s forests remain intact 

  • Abuná ranks 3rd among Bolivian municipalities with the highest proportion of forest cover in relation to its geographical area  

  • On a national scale, Abuná ranks 4th among municipalities with the highest proportion of potential species richness

Santa Rosa is classified as a Category VI protected area by the IUCN. This categorization allows for the sustainable use of natural resources found in the area for non-industrial purposes. 

As a result, the newly created protected area has significant economic benefits for the people of Abuná. Non-timber forest products such as Brazil nut trees and acai grow freely in this area, and protecting the forest ensures that they can be sustainably harvested over the long term. Local families will benefit from the revenue generated from the harvest of these products, offering an alternative to illegal logging or mining as a source of income. Therefore, Santa Rosa will function as an integrated model of biodiversity conservation and sustainable forest use.

The creation of this new protected area would not have been possible without the help of Andes Amazon Fund grantee, ACEAA. Now that the area has been created, AAF will support the establishment of protection and management systems for Santa Rosa, including a forest monitoring system and training workshops for the local population. We hope that the success of this area's creation will lead to additional conservation accomplishments in Bolivia.  

 

New Conservation Concession Established Near Manu National Park

  Photo by Gabby Salazar.

Photo by Gabby Salazar.

Peru’s National Forest and Wildlife Service (SERFOR) granted a new conservation concession in Kosñipata. This marks the 15th protected area that AAF has helped establish in Latin America. 

Located in the southern region of Cusco, the conservation area is 4,459 hectares (11,018 acres), or the size of approximately 11,000 soccer fields. These types of government concessions can be renewed after 40 years and are designed to protect biodiversity, promote environmental education, and foster related research. 

In particular, the Young Conservationists Association of Alto Pilcomayo requested the grant to stop illegal logging and hunting in the area. Kosñipata is home to a wide variety of plants and animals, some of which are endangered such as the spectacled bear. 

AAF supported the work of the Amazon Conservation Association, a strong advocate of the conservation concession as well. More information about the area can be found here

AAF Helps Create 5 Protected Areas in 2016

  Photo by Gabby Salazar. 

Photo by Gabby Salazar. 

2016 was a very busy year for AAF. In total, the Fund helped establish 5 private conservation areas (PCAs) or áreas de conservación privada (ACPs) in the region of Cusco, located in the south of Peru. 

PCAs are a type of protected area. Peru’s National Protected Area Service (SERNANP) defines them as privately-owned properties that are samples of natural ecosystems. The owners of these areas, rather than the state, are responsible for conserving and managing the land. 

SERNANP further explains PCAs biological importance, "in recent years this instrument of private conservation has become more important, as more and more people, communities, non-governmental organizations, and companies are committed to contributing to the conservation of our country's biological diversity and connect the large fragments of ecosystems."  

In total, 694 hectares (1,714 acres) were dedicated as PCAs. This included Santuario La Veronica, Machusaniaca I, Machusaniaca II, Fundo Cadena, and Wayqecha. Species endemic to these areas include pumas,  green-and-white hummingbirds, and andean bears.    

To achieve these PCAs, AAF supported efforts led by the Amazon Conservation Association